The author has coursed over a rather wide range. The work started at 'the Beginning' and laid out a picture of empirical science and its possible shortcomings. Next we touched on the issues of creationism vs evolution, and highlighted the demand of some scientists that evolution now be accepted as settled science.

We studied history and some of the conflicting data that appears to be suppressed by the 'Darwinist-influenced' historians. Some historical artifacts appear to define ancient humankind as more advanced than current science may be comfortable with. We have attempted to build a case that the beginning of the technological historical timeline needs to be pushed back a bit further, that 'primitive man' may have not been so primitive. Furthermore, many modern thinkers - probably influenced by the theory of evolution - attempt to account for advanced technologies among societies considered to be primitive by posing the idea of extra-terrestrial aliens injecting superior abilities.

Even events interpreted as strange but 'spiritual' in the past have lately been reinterpreted to be manifestations of space alien interruptions or even invasions. No rationalizations for these intrusions is offered; we are just to accept that the people involved in the event had no real understanding of the natural world because they lacked our evolutionary advantage.

We quoted Dr. Samuel Noah Kramer in his book, History Begins at Sumer, as saying 'Furthermore he [the Sumerian thinker] lacked such fundamental intellectual tools as definition and generalization, and had practically no insight into the processes of growth and development, since the principle of evolution, which seems so obvious now, was entirely unknown to him.'

Further, the book entitled The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man was quoted as saying that the ancients were similar to modern savages.

An attempt is made to show that 'evolution' has not particularly affected human nature, that humans appear to be what they always were: flawed. A difference between ancient, somewhat moral, 'law codes' and modern 'statutory law' is outlined.

Some question is raised as to whether modern evolution of values such as dress and style do not mirror primitive styles - almost as a throwback.

Drastic changes in the structure and definition of the family have taken place in modern times. The consequences may prove dire, as pointed out by anthropologist Margaret Meade.

The concept of 'evolution' or 'evolving' has entered our very way of thinking, our way of perceiving our environment and our past. Sometimes we even project our evolutionary ideas on our ancient ancestors.

Finally we considered life itself, its meaning, its origins and perhaps its future. Has evolution affected life or has life affected evolution?

The point of this book is that evolution has invaded our every day thinking, our view of our environment, our world around us. The bias is so deep-seated that we are often unaware how it affects our values. With the growth of the concept of evolution people have come to see themselves as just another animal. This has caused a decline in moral values, in community values, in productivity in human relations.

Science consistently tells us that they are on the verge of understanding life, of creating life. This author believes that life cannot be created by any other than our Creator: G*d. Because 'life' is a spirit, whether in plants or animals; whether in bacteria or in humans. Science does not recognize spirit, and will therefore find the hurdle of creating life insurmountable.

This author believes that it is quite possible that approximately 12,000 years ago, when the glacial ice cover began to recede, that the ocean levels began to rise at least 40 to 50 feet the world over, hundreds of feet in some locations. This drastic change submerged some previous cultures, perhaps technologically advanced civilizations, setting the developmental clock back considerably. This coastal deluge has possibly hidden evidence of technologies, technologies that may not be that closely related to the advances we take for granted today.

One example of this possibility is the submerged area off the coast of Yonaguni, Japan, a small island southwest of Japan and near Taiwan; it divides the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Whether the underwater site is natural geological formation or an ancient man-made step pyramid complex is quite controversial and will have to remain undecided for the present time.

Dr. Robert Schoch, mentioned earlier in this work, tends to believe that the underwater structures are natural, but points out that there are also ancient tombs and other structures on shore that also mirror some of the off-shore artifacts1|. He hypothesizes that perhaps the older native population made use of existing rock structures, some now below sea level.

One fact supporting this idea of lost distant technologies is that we 'moderns' look at these above sea level cyclopean achievements such as Baalbek in Lebanon, and are unable to posit a theory as to how they were accomplished. Indeed, the fact is that some of the evidence for these cultures exists at great heights, such as the Altiplano in the Andes, where rising waters possibly could not touch them.

The fact that many myths, such as pre-Columbian myths of creation and learning, are shared across many cultures and even across continents, may be evidence of an earlier world-wide commerce and trading system. Or conversely, it may hint at Pangaea, one huge continent that got broken up by cataclysmic forces, based on a theory of continental drift by Alfred Wegener, a German geophysicist. Genesis 10:25 says that in the days of Peleg the Earth was divided. Perhaps the passage should be taken literally. The name 'Peleg' means 'division', but also a 'water course'.
Conceptual representation of 'pangaea'
These 2 images from
represent one idea of the progression of 'Pangaea'
Was the time of Peleg the time when the continents were separated by wide oceans? One new method of dividing the ages of the Earth is to number the eons since Earth reportedly began 4.5 billion years ago. According to this construct we are in the Phanerozoic [PhanŠrozoic] Eon, named for the period during which abundant animal life has existed [Greek: phaneros 'visible' + zōē 'life' (as in zoology 'study of animal life')]. It started approximately 542 million years ago and apparently extends into the present; it includes the geologic 'ages': the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic.

Some geologists believe that the division of the continents has taken place over the course of the Phanerozoic Eon. Others believe that the process has taken place four times, one occasion, called Nuna, taking place 2.0 - 1.8 billion years ago2|. Obviously by this reckoning it is unlikely that Pangaea occurred in Peleg's lifetime. If it turns out that the division did occur within Peleg's lifetime, it will require a gargantuan battle to establish it unquestioningly - due to the theory of evolution, of course.

Traditionalists will ask, 'Do you really believe that the world was created 6 thousand years ago?' As indicated by the calendar presented in the beginning of this work, this author believes that this creation could have started in 4713 BCE. As noted then, there may well have been previous 'creations'. From a spiritual point of view, whatever the nature of the previous creation may have been, we who live within this creation are bound by the nature of the rules of this particular material manifestation. In this creation God designed a plan whereby, as far as humans are concerned, there is no remission of sin without shedding of blood3|. Further, Jesus Christ paid that price for all who will accept His sacrifice.

We see blood sacrifice in social cultures as early as recorded history reveals. When Adam and Eve were discovered in their 'fall', G*d made them coats of skin - that is, G*d killed animals, shedding their blood, and made clothing from their skins, showing the way to all future generations4|. All throughout this current creation this principle has remained inviolate.

This whole scenario implies that there were previous creations, of such a duration as we cannot know for sure. Were these civilizations technologically advanced? Did G*d bury the evidence of these creations so that the present population could not know for sure about their situation? Could there be a long segmented string of such creations throughout the pre-historic past?

It has long been recognized that Genesis does not insist that there was only one creation, that there were possibly multiple creations5|. We may presume that each manifestation established G*d's purpose for that time, to accomplish G*d's will in that setting. In this present manifestation it would seem that the lesson to humankind is that, while sin will out, the sacrifice of blood will cover that transgression. That sacrifice has selflessly been made by our Intercessor: Jesus Christ.

From this point of view we could call this 'age' the 'Julian Age'6|, or perhaps more accurately, the 'Christian Age'. The statement by Christians that there is no other name by which one can be saved is often critically rejected. The statement does not say at what point that acceptance must be embraced; perhaps one is shown the truth and given the choice at the point of death, perhaps later, perhaps not at all by our human concept. The point is that it is not the place of the believer to judge others; that is the exclusive task of the Divinity.


Will Durant, author and historian [1885 – 1981], had a thing or two to say about how historians treat with primitive cultures. In his work 'Our Oriental Heritage' he says that primitive societies, rather than being our ancestors, may be remnants of older higher cultures that declined due to drastic environmental changes. He felt that we could not properly evaluate pre-historic man, addressing the inter-glacial periods mainly, that time had destroyed the pertinent evidence.

Museums have some incredible artifacts of possible advanced technologies in the dim past; the problem is how to deal with them. Do we ascribe them to ancient extra-terrestrial astronauts? Do we ascribe them to lost advanced civilizations? Do we just ignore them... or call them hoaxes and deprecate them?

This work could have catalogued many instances of historians and archaeologists who have made the unfortunate mistake of discovering data or posing theories that cannot be assimilated into the body politic of the science and thus had their careers and their lives ruined. Is this science or religion? Is this logic or tyranny?

Altamira drawingMarcelino Sanz de Sautuola 1880Marcelino Sanz
de Sautuola -

de Sautuola's drawing in 1880
of cave pictures - with one color picture of a  bison inserted by this author.

In 1879 amateur archaeologist Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola discovered paintings in a cave at Altamira, Spain. Sautuola and archaeologist Juan Vilanova y Piera from the University of Madrid did excavations within the cave and in 1880 they published a piece claiming the paintings to be Paleolithic in origin [2.6 million years to 10,000 years ago.] Contemporary experts roundly condemned the conclusions of the pair, even claiming that they were forgeries. The reason for rejecting the Paleolithic origin of the paintings was that the excellent artistic quality of the art was not possible in such primitive humans, and the preservation of such art for so long a period of time was beyond credibility7|.

Portions of the pigments used would actually come loose with the touch of a finger. Sautuola was accused of having hired a local painter to create the art work. The experts vigorously refuted any prehistoric claims at the 1880 Prehistorical Congress in Lisbon. Essentially the life of Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola ended in 1888 in total disgrace.

In 1902 more cave paintings were discovered in France and Spain. To his credit, the main critic of Sautuola, ╔mile Cartailhac, apologized and eventually became a leading expert involved with prehistoric cave painting8|.

In 2008 the Altamira cave art was found by scientists utilizing Uranium-thorium dating to date to between 25,000 and 40,000 years old9|. What technological implications might be implied concerning paint pigments that remain soft and usable for tens of thousands of years? Do we have such colored paint materials today?

Still, this vignette serves to point out how the modern view of ancient man has to be bludgeoned into respectful change, probably due to the impact of Darwin's evolutionary theories. In the intervening process people's lives have been disgraced, not out of pursuit of scientific debate but by condemnation born out of pure unmitigated (evolutionary) bias.

Will science expand its limits or will it defend its limitations? The choice would appear to be the latter for the foreseeable future, at least as far as the history of mankind is concerned.

American writer and poet William Cullen Bryant (1794 – 1878) perceptively penned,
Truth crushed to earth will rise again,
The eternal years of God are hers;
But error, wounded, writhes in pain,
And dies among her worshippers10|.

        [All web links acquired in Summer of 2014]
1| Robert Schoch, 'Yonaguni, Japan'; see at:
2| Richard A. Lovett, 'Supercontinent Pangaea Pushed, Not Sucked, Into Place'; National Geographic
     News; September 5, 2008; see at:
3| Hebrews 9:22, King James Version
4| Genesis 3:21, King James Version; it is noteworthy that Cain sacrificed the fruits of his labor in the
     fields [signifying his 'works'], while Abel sacrificed from his flocks [signifying that he had learned
     from God's example to shed blood for all transgressions.] Thus Genesis 4 states that God had respect
     regarding Abel's offering, but unto Cain's offering He had no respect.
5| This statement does not refer to the 'two-creation story' theory - the Elohim of Gen. 1:1-2:3 and
     YHVH of Gen. 2:4-24; rather it holds that the text hints at numerous possible creation efforts; for
     one example, see the Jewish Shmitot, which posits that information about the previous cycles to this
     current one is hidden in the proper reading of the text; for this and other interesting views on Darwin
6| The Julian Calendar, the calendar in use at the time of the ministry of Jesus, is named after Julius
     Caesar; it incorporated some inaccuracies and motivated further corrections over the centuries;
     still, the Julian Calendar has remained a viable instrument even into this modern age.
7| Gregory Curtis, 'The Cave Painters: Probing the Mysteries of the World's First Artists'; Anchor
     Books, Random House, Inc., NY; pp 48-53; 2006.
8| Ibid.
9| A. W. G. Pike et al, 'U-Series Dating of Paleolithic Art in 11 Caves in Spain'; Science, Vol. 336 no.
     6087, pp. 1409-1413; 15 June 2012; abstract at:
10| William Cullen Bryant, 'The Battlefield', Poems by William Cullen Bryant, Katz Bros., 1854; see at:
    The Project Gutenberg:

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